Wednesday, April 27, 2016

Replacing A 40 Watt Clear-Glass Vanity Bulb

Bath vanity lighting should be efficient, where it is assuredly used several hours every day. Just as important, it should complement personal hygiene and self esteem. I have this light bar in one of my bathrooms, and have intended to replace it with two disk LED downlights on the ceiling, out from the wall the distance of sink centers. And, now I know that such light washes over the face with shadowing of eyes. Lowered lighting may be a good idea, after all. So let's see what I might do to preserve this sconce as an LED luminaire.

Action is inspired by once again, the death of an incandescent bulb.

Bulbs loaded have been 40-watt appliance lights. Lowe's sells them, only $2.77 for a two-pack. But, I am done with this foolishness. I find one of these in my refrigerator, and I want it gone, too.
Cooking under a hat, the 40-watt appliance bulbs do not last claimed 1500 hours. Cooled in a refrigerator, now absurd. Filaments are crazy bright on that vanity, not at all obscured as I look up. 

This bulb might be the solution, at a hefty price.
Utilitech 4.5-Watt (40W Equivalent) R14 Medium Base (E-26) Soft White Dimmable Indoor LED Spotlight Bulb 
$14.98 at Lowe's. #0477033, UPC 17801 99201.

It is very nicely dimmable and silent in a dimmer circuit. It draws 6 watts for me, not the claimed 4.5 watts. I know I will be very unhappy with its 2700°K color temperature.

Utilitech #0477033 at left on my comparison stand. 40 watt appliance bulb at right. A 40 watt incandescent is B1.6, B4 times 40/100. I will guess by next observation that Utilitech #0477033 300 lumens LED, is B3. I think this photo shows times two brightness difference. The dinky little LED will be so much better, in a refrigerator.

Utilitech #0477033 at right on my comparison stand. 4" Glimpse 3000°K at left, defined B4 at 450 lumens.

Utilitech #0477033 is claimed 300 lumens and 4.5 watts. I measure 6 watts draw, and suspect lumens are not up correspondingly. This dinky light is not good LED technology, efficacy only fifty lumens per watt, and lumens not practically delivered in old light-bulb luminaires. 

In the vanity bar, the Utilitech #0477033 is in fact horribly dim, very inferior to the 40 watt incandescent. Likewise in my refrigerator. At the vanity, not much above my face, the down directionality is adverse. In my refrigerator I need a bulb that illuminates downward in a side-facing socket. We will never see LED bulbs that overcome point-source wastefulness for sockets to-the-side, and this reveals the madness of holding on to residential lighting as point-source.

 At left the dinky Utilitech #0477033, 2700°K, 6 watts, estimated B3.1 At right, Ecosmart 1001 370 396, 3000°K, 11 watts, estimated B3. Comparison for direst assessment of brightness is difficult where color temperature is not matched, but call the Utilitech #0177033 brighter.

In fact, room illumination with the little lights is unacceptable from a lowered light bar. One wants the wall illumination possible with ceiling-height lights of large beam angle.

In my vanity bar, try this Utilitech #0596936 at Lowe's, 3000°K. At claimed 60-watt equivalence, drawing actual 8 watts, claimed 7 watts/ 500 lumens, it will be too bright, and still eye-jarring.

At left Utilitech #0596936. At right, the 40 watt appliance bulb. Utilitech #0596936 claiming 60 watt equivalence is quite a bit brighter than the appliance bulb, as it should be, and draws 11 watts as measured with a Kill A Watt P3 meter. The appliance bulb does draw 40 watts.  I could replace all four bulbs now with these bright Utilitech, at cost  $50. They are silent on a dimmer, but even dimmed, the glare is unacceptable.

These bulbs from Home Depot, Ecosmart 1001 370 396, cost $19.97. They dim, but are far too noisy in a dimmer circuit. They draw 11 watts, not claimed 9 watts.

At left Utilitech #0596936. At right, Ecosmart 1001 370 396. The Ecosmart is even brighter than the Utilitech.

At left, FEIT Electric 60 Watt LED Bulb , UPC 17801 14325. At right, Ecosmart 1001 370 396. The FEIT bulb was found cheap at Home Depot, $11.97 for a six-pack. Silent on a dimmer. But, I can't find them now. An 11 watt power draw vs. again-claimed 9 watts makes the FEIT very like the Ecosmart. The FEIT is better on brightness, and a better choice all around.

I had sawn the very thick lens off that FEIT bulb. Knock it off again to assess the efficiency loss at the obscuring lens. So much illumination is sacrificed to make these bulbs look like incandescent, and bearable to our eyes.

Blinding glare, without the lens, and fully directional.

Surely half of the available light is lost at the lens, and the bulb becomes less directional.

4" Glimpse, 3000°K at left, without lens. At right, Ecosmart 1001 370 396. The revealed 450 lumens Glimpse is, of course, less bright than the the 800 lumens FEIT LED without its lens.

Lenses do waste light.

The Glimpse diode array is also very eye-jarring without the lens.

4" Glimpse, 3000°K at left, at 450 lumens defined B4. At right, Ecosmart 1001 370 396. The 800 lumens Ecosmart is perhaps B3, with very much waste.

At left, 60 watt GE Reveal incandescent, perhaps B4*60/100 = B2.4. At right, Ecosmart 1001 370 396, estimated B3. 

A "60 watt" LED bulb is much brighter than an actual 60 watt incandescent.

At left, Sylvania BR30 LED, 2700°K, 650 lumens, B4*650/450 = B5.8. The BR30 is claimed 9 watts and is actual 11 watts. At right, Ecosmart 1001 370 396, estimated B3.

The relative efficiency of a BR30 LED, and an LED point-source bulb, with same power, by these observations, is 5.8/3, still the 2:1 natural advantage of downlight directionality.

Until I find a lighting solution in ceiling-mounted directional LED disks, accept the not-pretty luminaire but good light, of two 2700°K BR30 LED bulbs. 22 watts total by my measurement. Say this is 1300 lumens off-center illumination of about four square meters, 300 lux.

I expect that the same result may be achieved by placing many smaller LED downlights at ceiling height. If 450 lumens is too large a unit of light for dispersion of shadows, choose a smaller unit of light. The B2, 250 lumens of a 4" Conturrent™ LED Downlight , is interesting. Imagine a half dozen of these lights in a 100 sq ft bathroom ceiling. Three watts each, times six, is 18 watts, down from 160 watts, a reduction of almost 90% and with improved illumination. 6* 250 lumens/ 9.3 sq meters = 161 lumens per sq meter vs. maybe 300 needed, is dim unless concentrated at a vanity. Four of those BR30 overhead is extreme brightness, but for symmetry, I will try it.

Friday, April 15, 2016

Conturrent™ LED Downlights

Sharing interests with Green Building in Denver , I am pleased to find offering of interesting Conturrent™ 4" and 6" LED downlights from Amerisus . These lights are wired as low voltage direct current. Complete systems must be purchased, at substantial cost: .

The 4" light is petite 250 lumens, in three color temperature ranges:
2700 to 3000°K Warm
4000 to 4500°K Cool
6000 to 8500°K Daylight
  • Trim Ring Diameter 4.15″
  • Ceiling Hole Diameter 3.75″
  • Lamp Thickness (max) 0.80″
  • Power Consumption 3 W
  • Operating Voltage/Current  12VDC / 0.25A
  • Light Output Full Brightness 250 lumens
  • Dimmable Yes
  • Temperature Rise (full brightness) 10°C  above ambient
  • Warranty 5 years
The bigger 6" light is 800 lumens, in the same color ranges.
  • Trim Ring Diameter 6.75″
  • Ceiling Hole Diameter 6.25″
  • Lamp Thickness (max) 0.80″
  • Power Consumption 9 W
  • Operating Voltage/Current  36VDC / 0.25A
  • Light Output Full Brightness 800 lumen
  • Dimmable Yes
  • Temperature Rise (full brightness) 10°C  above ambient
  • Warranty 5 years
What will we do with these? I'm privileged to try out one 4" Conturrent.

The active area of the lens is a 65.5 mm circle, area 3370 sq mm. Circle luminance is 250/3370 lumens per sq mm = 7,400 lumens per sq meter, 7400 Lux.

For this, I bought a nice 15 VDC power supply.
Just pure light within the 65.5 mm lens. I don't perceive edge glare at the diodes.

Lift out the lens stack  to view the diode strip.

There are twenty diodes 3.5 mm square, giving 250 lumens. Diode area is 245 sq mm. Diode luminance is one lumen per sq mm, one million lux.

See etched back face of the thick acrylic diverter of edge lighting. The etching and a reflective top covering raise efficacy, amount unknown, but certainly not 100% transmission as productive light. Claimed 250 lumens/ 3 watts, is a really-good 83 lumens per watt. For this, diodes must put out 100 lumens per watt, or more.

Wednesday, April 13, 2016

My Good Old Refrigerator

My good old refrigerator is not silent. It isn't pretty. It's a Kenmore/ Sears, manufactured 5/89, Model 2538618011. It doesn't look much different from a currently-available model: 
Kenmore 60412 18 cu. ft. Top Freezer Refrigerator w/ Wire Shelves - White, $480. 

Am I doing anything wasteful just getting more service from this old fellow? Can't I just wait until I completely overhaul my kitchen? Do we have to worry about waste, in everything? An online assessment , where my home is already well-weatherized, flags refrigerator concern, and not much else.

Here is what I have learned with a Kill-A-Watt meter:
2516 elapsed hours
144 kwh used
Draws 11 watts when idle, and 210 watts when running.
Electricity cost at $0.15 per KWH is $21.60.
Scale up to a year, by *24*365/2516, to  $75 per year.

I think I may stop thinking about my refrigerator.  I will trust that a 27-year-old refrigerator has acceptable efficiency and reliability. Maybe I may wait until I'm off-grid with a Sunfrost .

The $0.15 per KWH cost of my electricity, and a precedent to this post is presented in a recent update of post More Tracking Of Electricity Usage , of November 2014, updated February 2016. My rate is unfairly high as noted, as a disincentive of my reduced usage of electricity.

My current electricity usage is about 8 KWH Per Day. The refrigerator usage is about 144/2516*24 = 1.4 KWH per day.

Friday, April 8, 2016

Review Utilitech Pro LED Bulb #0375565, G25 Bath & Vanity, UPC17801 99214

Know that this is a directional LED luminaire, far more illuminating from above than from the side as a silly table lamp. It's for a bath vanity bar. Got it. 510 downward lumens should match the downward illumination of a 100 watt incandescent bulb, or a 4" Glimpse plate LED. Good 3000°K color temperature.

Let's check this out.

It is Utilitech (Lowe's), from Feit Electric, made in China. 8 watts, 3000°K.

Mount the LED vanity light at stage right in my comparison stand. Begin with a GE Reveal halogen "100w" at stage left.

LED vanity light at stage right. Reveal halogen "100w" at stage left, with comparative illuminance (Brightness Number), B4 by definition. The LED vanity light is a bit brighter, called B4.5. The LED vanity light has a very irritating pause at startup.

LED vanity light at stage right, 510 lumens, 8 watts. A 650 lumens Sylvania BR30 LED, 3000°K at stage left, 9 watts, B5.8 (650/450*4).

LED vanity light at stage right, 510 lumens, 8 watts, B4.5. At stage left, a 4" Glimpse, 450 lumens, 3000K, 9.5 watts, B4.

An LED bulb that is not employed as if it were a point source candle, is with honesty. I have learned that the "vanity light" location in a bathroom may illuminate the face more nicely than an overhead downlight, a foot or more, further distant from the face. The downlight may produce shadowing of eyes. I have this study in a folder called "Adventures at Lowe's," within my "plate LEDs" folder. This is a directional light, surely not very bright to the side unless well overhead. 510 fully-directional lumens is B4.5, computed as: (510/450*B4).

I bought this in "shopping" for a replacement bulb in an ordinary four-position bath vanity light fixture with bell clear-glass shrouds. This is too fat to fit, and is ruled out. The awful delayed startup is unnecessary, and that too ruins the product. I will just return it, grateful that the packaging is not damaged in the trial.